“A boss has the title, a leader has the people.” – Simon Sinek
As human beings, we have an innate desire to be guided and led. In our childhood, leadership is provided through parenting and our immediate family, offering a space in which we can explore our personal growth in a safe and nurturing environment. As we grow, we start looking beyond that bubble for leaders who can further inspire us to fulfill our potential, whilst still offering that sense of security. Leaders are those individuals who can help us identify our purpose and achieve our full potential.
In 2008,Tom Rath and Barry Conchie co-authored a book named ‘Strengths Based Leadership: Great Leaders, Teams, and Why People Follow’. The landmark Gallup 30-year research project identified three key elements of effective leadership: knowing your strengths and investing in others’ strengths, getting people with the right strengths on your team, and understanding and meeting the four basic needs of your followers, namely trust, compassion, stability and hope.
It therefore clearly appears that the best leaders are not necessarily the ones holding traditional leadership qualifications such as MBAs, but rather, individuals with high emotional intelligence who hold skills which were traditionally defined as ‘soft’.
Within society, people typically turned towards the political class for leadership and inspiration. Leadership was also provided by religious figures and activists. Fast forward to the21st century, and it becomes increasingly clear that this is no longer the case.
The Edelman trust barometer, a survey of 33,000 respondents spread across 28 different countries, has established in no unclear terms that trust in politicians and other institutions is on the decline. The study, which is published annually, consistently shows that it is business which primarily holds the people’s trust. Business is also now seen as the only institution which is both competent and ethical. The study has also established business – that is the employer – as a ‘mainstay of trust’
When leaders are trusted by their followers, they take on added responsibility. And responsibility is expressed when leaders conform to a set of fundamental values:
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